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Vaginal yeast infections

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What causes a vaginal yeast infection?

A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection usually caused by the fungus Candida albicans –  a natural component of the human digestive tract. Some women have this fungal component in their vaginal secretion without any discomfort, but it can occasionally cause a yeast infection with symptoms such as vaginal irritation and itching. We do not know what causes the infection. Some women develop a yeast infection following a treatment of antibiotics, or in connection with hormonal fluctuations due to menstruation or pregnancy.

Common symptoms of a yeast infection

Severe itching, irritation, burning and redness in the vagina and vulva. Swelling and sensitive vaginal tissues that are more prone to bleeding. A burning sensation while urinating or during intercourse. Occasionally, a white, cottage cheese-like vaginal discharge, although discharge may also be watery or non-existent.

Are yeast infections contagious?

No, vaginal yeast infections are not contagious.


Many factors are believed to increase the risk of yeast infections:

– Intercourse

– A treatment of antibiotics

– Changes in vaginal pH levels

– Hereditary factors

– Birth control pills or IUDs

– Contamination of yeast from the gastrointestinal tract

– Weakened immune system or stress

Go to 1177 Vårdguiden for more information about vaginal yeast infections (in Swedish) by clicking here.


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