Vaginal yeast infections
What causes a vaginal yeast infection?
A vaginal yeast infection is a fungal infection usually caused by the fungus Candida albicans – a natural component of the human digestive tract. Some women have this fungal component in their vaginal secretion without any discomfort, but it can occasionally cause a yeast infection with symptoms such as vaginal irritation and itching. We do not know what causes the infection. Some women develop a yeast infection following a treatment of antibiotics, or in connection with hormonal fluctuations due to menstruation or pregnancy.
Common symptoms of a yeast infection
Severe itching, irritation, burning and redness in the vagina and vulva. Swelling and sensitive vaginal tissues that are more prone to bleeding. A burning sensation while urinating or during intercourse. Occasionally, a white, cottage cheese-like vaginal discharge, although discharge may also be watery or non-existent.
Are yeast infections contagious?
No, vaginal yeast infections are not contagious.
Many factors are believed to increase the risk of yeast infections:
– A treatment of antibiotics
– Changes in vaginal pH levels
– Hereditary factors
– Birth control pills or IUDs
– Contamination of yeast from the gastrointestinal tract
– Weakened immune system or stress
Go to 1177 Vårdguiden for more information about vaginal yeast infections (in Swedish) by clicking here.