PMS and PMDS
PMS stands for premenstrual syndrome and refers to mood changes in connection with menstruation.
PMDD, premenstrual dysphoric disorder, can be mistaken for depression or anxiety, but the symptoms stop when your period begins. It is believed that PMDD affects about 3% – 5% of women.
PMS and PMDD can vary from month to month, but begins a few days before menstruation and can last for the first few days of the period.
In order to be diagnosed with PMS or PMDD, one or more of these symptoms should apply to you4:
- You are easily irritated and quick to anger
- Anxiety and feeling of distress
- Mood swings
- Depression and lack of interest in doing things
Other problems you may experience in connection with PMS and PMDD are:
- Breast tenderness.
- Sugar cravings and feeling more hungry.
What you can do
The Menstrual Pain Guide contains tips for what you can do to alleviate period pain during your period.
Basic needs like having regular meals and getting enough sleep can help maintain balance in the body.
If you suspect that you are suffering from PMS or PMDD, you should start taking notes before and during your period. This can help you prepare for future periods.
Contact the youth guidance center, a gynecologist or health center if you suspect that you have PMS or PMDD.